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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-82

Preservation of physical and mental health amid COVID-19 pandemic: Recommendations from the existing evidence of disease outbreaks


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences, Hospital and Research Centre, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hunny Sharma
MD 264, Phase 4, Near AIIMS Residential Complex, Kabir Nagar, Raipur - 492 099, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJAM.IJAM_47_20

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COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and originating in China's Wuhan City is now a pandemic. In the current situations where no certain prevention or treatment measures are available, and all countries have implemented travel bans, mass quarantine, and isolation measures to restrict the spread of the virus. It is anticipated that people will be likely to suffer from multiple negative psychological effects if not taken care of. The government and researchers must develop ways to determine these adverse effects of unprecedented long-term quarantine and develop various approaches to cope with those effects. Authors by this paper had tried to provide insight into why pandemic disease exposes individuals to physical and mental disorders, what can be done to prevent them among citizens, children, self-isolators, health care professionals, telemedicine in management of mental health burden, and some appreciable steps taken through the Indian government to elevate some of these adverse effects among Indians through unprecedented long-term lockdowns. Hence, this narrative review based on existing evidence from various outbreaks aims to recommend steps that can be considered to preserve the physical and mental health of the citizens amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Patient care, Medical knowledge, Practice-based learning and improvement.


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