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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 189-196

The role of infections in infertility: A review


1 Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manju Ohri Pai
Department of Lab Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJAM.IJAM_44_19

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Reproduction is an essential part of a human life and being unable to conceive marks a great impact on mind and body of both males and females. Infertility being on a rise among the couples, urogenital infections are considered to be one of the major causes. A broad range of organisms including bacteria, fungi, virus, and parasites are well documented to interfere with the reproductive function in both the sexes. They affect different sites, in males, sperm morphology, its motility and eventually its function can be affected at different levels of their development, maturation, and mobility. In females, cervical areas, tubal obstruction, and peritoneal damage are the common sites that are affected by infections, thus, interfering with human fertility. Other than direct infections, co-infections are also nowadays suspected to be responsible for impairment of sperm quality, motility, and mobility. In light of these facts, this review aims to report the complex relation between infection and fertility. The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Medical knowledge, Patient care.


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