International Journal of Academic Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203--208

Prevalence of self-medication of antibiotics among 2nd-year medical students and their knowledge about antibiotic resistance


Neha Sharma1, Monica Jain1, Preksha Sharma2, Charu Jain1, Alka Bansal1, Lokendra Sharma1, Uma Advani1 
1 Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Anatomy, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uma Advani
Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
India

Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication practices of antibiotics among medical students and to evaluate the knowledge of medical students about antibiotic resistance at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India. Methodology: In this descriptive type of cross-sectional study, a 31-item prevalidated questionnaire was prepared, which comprised both open-ended and closed-ended questions. The response was obtained, and the students were sensitized about the rational use of antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance and about advantages and disadvantages of self-medication. Results: The response rate in our study was 83.3%. The mean age of respondents was 20.09 ± 1.34 (mean ± standard deviation). While 63.2% of participants were found to be self-medicators, the most common source of knowledge about self-administration of antibiotic was information from parents as reported by 40.6% of respondents. The majority of students (35.8%) consumed amoxicillin. Gender-based significance of the difference of knowledge regarding self-medication was found nonsignificant as the value of P > 0.05. The majority of students (91.4%) knew about antibiotic resistance. There was no gender-based significant knowledge regarding antibiotic resistance. Overall knowledge of students was satisfactory. A postsession lecture on antibiotic resistance and its association with self-medication was arranged to reinforce the knowledge of students. Conclusion: The awareness about the increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance is one of the needs of the moment. The following Graduate Medical Education core competencies were addressed: Medical knowledge, Practice-based learning and improvement, Interpersonal and communication skills.


How to cite this article:
Sharma N, Jain M, Sharma P, Jain C, Bansal A, Sharma L, Advani U. Prevalence of self-medication of antibiotics among 2nd-year medical students and their knowledge about antibiotic resistance.Int J Acad Med 2020;6:203-208


How to cite this URL:
Sharma N, Jain M, Sharma P, Jain C, Bansal A, Sharma L, Advani U. Prevalence of self-medication of antibiotics among 2nd-year medical students and their knowledge about antibiotic resistance. Int J Acad Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 21 ];6:203-208
Available from: https://www.ijam-web.org/article.asp?issn=2455-5568;year=2020;volume=6;issue=3;spage=203;epage=208;aulast=Sharma;type=0